Author guidelines for Theme Issues


Information for authors





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If there are problems with the online submission system please contact the editor ( or the Theme Issues designated guest editors.



To be accepted, the manuscript must make a significant contribution to academic research and be grounded in relevant literature. Manuscripts are evaluated by double-blind refereeing process.



Articles or theme issues are accepted for publishing by review panel (board of The Geographical Society of Northern Finland serves as panel or assigns it)


English-language editing

It is highly recommended that non-native writers choose to have the language of their manuscripts professionally checked before submission. All language editing services are paid for and arranged by the author.


Manuscript style and length

Accepted submission file formats are Word .docx and also .doc (if necessary). Manuscripts should be prepared with 1.5 line spacing, 12 pt Times New Roman font and one column. There is no absolute maximum length for papers, but in practice manuscripts over 9000 words must have justified reason for their length.


Manuscript types

Research article: ca 6000–9000 words (tables, figures and bibliography not included), makes a significant contribution to research and is grounded on relevant literature, structure consists of abstract, introduction and description of the research, results, discussion and summary of the results, relevant tables and/or figures.


Academic essays: ca 3000–6000 words (tables, figures and bibliography not included), makes a significant contribution but is still in progress, of smaller scale or can be reported briefly. The structure is similar as in research article.


Review articles: ca 3000–6000 words (tables, figures and bibliography not included), sums up the current state of understanding on a particular topic.


Extended abstract: ca 1000–1500 words (tables, figures and bibliography not included), should be grounded on relevant literature and state clearly what new the research adds. Its structure consists of introduction and description of the research, results and discussion. May contain 1–2 figures or tables. Targeted primarly for graduate students in the final stage of their studies.


Title page

The title page should appear separate, as manuscripts are submitted anonymously to referees. Include 1) title (16 pt bold); 2) author name(s), affiliation(s), professional address(es) and email(s); 3) abstract and 4) keywords.


Abstract and keywords

An abstract not exceeding 300 words is required. Include also 3-6 relevant keywords.


Headings Only the first letter and proper names are capitalized. A maximum of two levels of headings may be used. Headings are formatted as follows:


Indicate the hierarchy of headlines with numbering (e.g. 1 Main title, 1.1 Subtitle. 1.1.1 Subtitle). No more than three levels is recommended.


Illustrations and tables

In the digital journal, the use of colours, particularly for complex maps and diagrams, is encouraged. However, when choosing the colour scheme, consider the reproduction of colours on black-and-white prints and photocopies. Images should be included as separate image files (not attached to the text document). Use TIF/JPG/PNG formats at 300 dpi resolution (minimum). (NB. figures are printed in greyscale but in appear full colour on the website). The print version is published in B5 paper size. Ensure that heavy lines in line art are saved as pure black, and avoid unusual fonts and too small text size.


Tables must be included as a separate file typed using few horizontal rules and no vertical rules.

Illustrations, as well as tables, are numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals (e.g., Figure 4, and Table 1). Refer to all figures and tables in the text and specify the figure as (Figure 1.)

Captions for Figures and Tables must be typed on a separate document. The approximate position of Figures and Tables in the text should be marked [Figure 1].


Equations should be numbered consecutively with bracketed Arabic numerals in the right-hand margin. Authors must provide instructions for any special typeface required (e.g., bold, italic, Greek). Careful attention must be paid to sub- and superscript symbols, and upper- and lower-case letters. Equations have to be submitted as high-quality image files and printed as black and white.


Measurements must all be given in SI metric system.



It is the author's responsibility to obtain copyright permission for the reproduction of images, tables or other material and to ensure adequate acknowledgement.


Footnotes / Endnotes

Informational notes must be used only in very exceptional needs and restricted to the minimum.



In the text, references should be indicated by giving the author’s name and the year of publication (Hjort et al. 2010; Varanka & Luoto 2012; Alahuhta & Heino 2013).

- All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers if given.

- Do not use ibid., op. cit., infra., supra. Instead, show the subsequent citation of the same source in the same way as the first.

- Where et al. is used in citations in the body of the text, this should always be italic.


In-text citation examples


Author’s name in the text is followed with year in parentheses:

... Elden (2013) has argued ...

If author’s name is not in the text, insert last name and year:

... several works (Elden 2013) have described ...

The page number follows the year, separated by a colon and en dash for page numbering:

... it has been noted (Elden 2013: 13–26) that ...

Give both names with two authors, joined by ‘&’; use et al. if there are three or more authors:

... it has been stated (Agnew & Livingstone 2011) ...

... some investigators (Hjort et al. 2010) ...

If there is more than one reference to the same author and year, insert a, b, etc. in both the text and the reference list. If two or more references by the same author are cited together, separate the dates with a comma:

... it was described (Swyngedouw 2017a, 2017b) ...

… for example this was found (Swyngedouw 2011, 2014, 2017) …

Start with the oldest publication.

Enclose within a single pair of parentheses a series of references, separated by semicolons:

... and it has been noted (Elden 2013; Hjort et al. 2010; Varanka & Luoto 2012) ...

Order alphabetically by author names.

Enclose within the parentheses any brief phrase associated with the reference (for example: see, e.g., cf.):

... (cf. Ahlqvist & Sirviö 2019: 1–4)

For an institutional authorship, supply the minimum citation from the beginning of the complete reference. For authorless articles or studies, use the name of the magazine, journal, newspaper or sponsoring organization, and not the title of the article:

... a recent statement (Sosiaali- ja terveysministeriö 2019: 30–70) ...

... it was stated (Kaleva 2020) that ...


Reference list

References are listed alphabetically at the end of the paper under the heading References. References must be separated by a 1 cm hanging indentation from the second line. Names of journals and books should be italicized. Avoid capital letters but for first words of a sentence and proper names. Give journal titles in full with volume: number, inclusive pages. Page numbers are separated with the en-dash (longer than the hyphen).

- Check that the list is in alphabetical order. Check that all periodical data are included – volume, issue and page numbers, publisher, place of publication, etc. Do not abbreviate journal titles.

- Names should be in upper and lower case.

- Where several references have the same author(s), do not use ditto marks or em dashes; the name must be repeated each time.

- References with multiple authors where the first-named author is the same should be listed in chronological order. For example:

Kellokumpu V & Toivanen M (2013)

Kellokumpu V & Karjalainen O (2014)

Kellokumpu V, Toivanen M & Karjalainen O (2017)




Journal article (link to DOI if available)

Rozman A, Diaci J & Batič F (2013) Functional analysis of vegetation on alpine treeline ecotone in the Julian and Kamnik-Savinja Alps in Slovenia. European Journal of Forest Research 132(4): 579–591.

Ahlqvist T & Sirviö H (2019) Contradictions of spatial governance: Bioeconomy and the management of state space in Finland. Antipode 51(2): 395–418.


Journal article ahead of print (link to DOI if available)

Dunnett O, Maclaren AS, Klinger J, Lane KMD & Sage D (2017) Geographies of outer space: Progress and new opportunities. Progress in Human Geography.

If DOI not available use date of online publication:

Dunnett O, Maclaren AS, Klinger J, Lane KMD & Sage D (2017) Geographies of outer space: Progress and new opportunities. Progress in Human Geography [Online 21 December 2017].



Elden S (2013) The birth of territory. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 

Jessop B (2016) The state: Past, present, future. Polity Press, London.

Deleuze G (1994 [1968]) Difference and repetition [Différence et répetition]. Translated by Patton P. Athlone Press, London.


Chapter of book

Agnew J & Livingstone D (2011) Introduction. In Agnew J & Livingstone D (eds.) The SAGE handbook of geographical knowledge, 1–18. Sage, London.

Sirviö H & Luukkonen J (2020) Metropolitanizing a Nordic state? City-regionalist imaginary and the restructuring of the state as a territorial political community in Finland. In Armondi S & De Gregorio Hurtado S (eds.) Foregrounding urban agendas: The new urban issue in European experiences of policy-making, 211–227. Springer, New York.


Edited book

Brown T, McLafferty S & Moon G (2010; eds.) A Companion to health and medical geography. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester.



Hokkanen J, Savikko H, Koutonen H, Rannikko H, Rinne T & Pirilä M (2020) Suomen mineraaliklusterin kilpailukyky- ja vaikuttavuustutkimus. Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarja 15:2020. Valtioneuvoston kanslia, Helsinki.

Wahlsten J (2020) To assemble society anew? The political economy of contemporary initiatives of socio-ecological transformation. Helsinki Centre for Global Political Economy Working Paper 02/2020. University of Helsinki, Helsinki.



Scarchilli C (2020) Mario Zucchelli Radar, Disdrometric and snow gauge measurements during summer precipitation events. PANGAEA.



Tilastokeskus (2020) Energiaturpeen kulutus. (accessed 4 January 2021).


Newspaper/magazine (link to website if online article)

Tilvis E (2019) Asiantuntijat ehdottavat Oulun huvipuistoa pääväylien varsille – esille nousivat muun muassa Kiimingin Välikylä ja Kempeleen Zeniitti. Kaleva, 8 August 2019. (accessed 4 January 2021).

BBC (2016) Mosul battle: 'Iraqi forces' tortured and killed villagers. BBC, 10 November 2016. (accessed 25 November 2016).


Published/unpublished theses and dissertations


Clark JM (2001) Referencing style for journals. PhD Thesis, University of Leicester.

Wikstrom A (2013) The challenge of change: Planning for social urban resilience. Master's Thesis, Stockholm University.

Published in a series:

Ala-Hulkko T (2020) Integrating accessibility analysis in ecosystem service and disservice mapping. Nordia Geographical Publications 49(3): 1–73.

Virta L (2020) Exploring the diversity patterns of benthic diatoms along environmental, spatial and temporal gradients in the Baltic Sea. Walter and Andrée de Nottbeck Foundation Scientific Reports 48: 1–40.