Nordia Geographical Publications 2022-05-06T15:54:41+03:00 Ville Kellokumpu Open Journal Systems <p>NORDIA GEOGRAPHICAL PUBLICATIONS (NGP) is a non-profit, peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Geographical Society of Northern Finland and the Geography Research Unit at the University of Oulu.</p> Friends of the Lake? Ontological Politics and the Megacolector Conflict 2021-11-15T12:06:39+02:00 Timothy May <p>There is growing recognition that radical ontological difference underlies Indigenous communities’ opposition to extractivist development within their territories. Scholars writing from a political ontology (PO) framework excitedly posit the possibility of the pluriverse emerging from the ‘ontological openings’ (de la Cadena 2015a) that these struggles are forming in the project of modernity. While such accounts are useful in elucidating how such struggles are more than ‘mere resource conflicts’ (Coombes et al. 2012a), they also risk reifying ontological difference and losing sight of the power asymmetries which shape its pragmatic and strategic articulation. More than just a matter of academic debate, overstating the ontological difference of Indigenous opposition to extractivism is a ‘cosmopolitical risk’ (Cepek 2016) that has the potential to limit Indigenous communities’ particular aspirations for self-determination. As a consequence, this article suggests a way forward can be found in ‘ontologizing political economy’ (Burman 2016) whilst also paying closer attention to the contingent nature of worlding, as well as ontological ambiguities and ‘partial connections’ (de la Cadena 2015a). This article fleshes out these theoretical concerns through drawing upon my ethnographic research about an ongoing ‘resource’ conflict in Guatemala. Over the last few years, the Maya Tz’utujil community of San Pedro la Laguna has been strongly opposing the ‘megacolector’ – a wastewater megaproject being advanced as a solution to Lake Atitlan’s contamination by the environmental NGO ‘Asociación de Amigos del Lago de Atitlán’ (Association of Friends of Lake Atitlán). Through engaging with a range of Pedrano community members, I reflect upon the usefulness of a PO framework for understanding the megacolector conflict’s ontological dimensions and the motivations of San Pedro’s opposition movement.</p> 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Timothy May Listening-with the subaltern: Anthropocene, Pluriverse and more-than-human agency 2021-12-09T18:33:25+02:00 António Carvalho Mariana Riquito <p>The Anthropocene brings to the fore the need to foster ontologies that reject the modern “one-world world” (Law 2015) model, characterized by extractivism, dualism and human exceptionalism, requiring the enactment of pluriverses (de la Cadena &amp; Blaser 2018) that recognize the heterogeneous clamor of human and non-human agency. As an attempt to listen-with those oppressed and silenced by the modern extractivist paradigm, in this paper, we propose the mobilization of relational, dialogic and nondualistic methodologies that attend to subaltern and more-than-human worlds. Drawing on a variety of sources – such as the Parliament of Things, the Council of All Beings, the Pedagogy of the Oppressed, meditative and artistic practices –, our article speculatively engages with affective, situated, hybrid and counter hegemonic methodologies that articulate contemplative practices, the arts, more-than-human agency and local communities, recognizing that politics, aesthetics and affect are intimately entwined. Our experimental endeavour is centred on three case studies that encapsulate some of the socio-political and technological tensions of our current zeitgeist – wildfires, geoengineering, and lithium mining –, speculating on how pluriversal methodologies can bring to the fore the many worlds silenced by the modern “one-world world”.</p> 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 António Carvalho, Mariana Riquito Environmental conflicts and cultural misunderstandings in a Buenos Aires wetland settlement 2021-09-29T14:32:43+03:00 Marina Wertheimer <p>This article aims to contribute to the ongoing debate on the politics of reclaiming the commons and resisting extractivism, drawing on a case of environmental conflict and ontological equivocations in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. On the south of the City of Buenos Aires, the Techint Group plans to build a real estate project by promising progress and development for an area affected by numerous environmental problems. This project spurred social mobilizations led by neighbors and local organizations, who denounced the environmental and housing impacts. Drawing on an anthropological approach, I investigate what happens when a consensus cannot be reached regarding the solution to — or even the very nature of — an environmental “problem.” Finally, I reflect on the need for a new cosmopolitics that can transcend the cultural misunderstandings that arise from the fact that “the various collectives that populate the world do not really understand the fundamental questions that engage other collectives” (Descola 2012).</p> 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marina Wertheimer Grassroots innovation in alternatives to development: a review 2022-01-13T11:25:54+02:00 Erandi Maldonado-Villalpando Jaime Paneque-Gálvez <p>Alternatives to development represent fairer forms of social, economic, and political organization, including environmental sustainability criteria as well. Many new outcomes are created during the design and everyday construction of alternatives to development (e.g., knowledge, practices, social relations, institutions). We may think, therefore, that innovation plays a key role in how such alternatives are imagined and materialized. However, the literature on alternatives to development does not appear to have focused much on innovation. In addition, there is academic literature on innovation that has coined and developed the concept of “grassroots innovation” to refer to innovation realized by grassroots groups. Yet, this literature does not seem to have focused on alternatives to development as innovation-rich spaces. Based on these observations, our objective in this paper is to analyze the potential role of grassroots innovation in alternatives to development, especially in contexts of the global South. To this end, we conducted a literature review along three axes: (1) grassroots innovation; (2) post-development and alternatives to development; and (3) Zapatism, an alternative to development in Mexico (in the last two axes we looked for direct or indirect references to grassroots innovation). Our results confirmed the previous observations. Nevertheless, we identified multiple and diverse innovative outcomes in the literature on post-development, alternatives to development and Zapatism, and altogether our findings suggest a very important role for grassroots innovation in these alternatives. Based on our review, we have provided a preliminary characterization of how grassroots innovations may look like and occur in alternatives to development (particularly in contexts of the global South). We emphasize the need to develop a theoretical-conceptual framework on grassroots innovation from the global South to improve its explanatory power given the diversity of existing alternatives to development. In addition, we call for more empirical studies that focus on identifying grassroots innovations and assessing their relevance to the design and everyday construction of alternatives to development.</p> 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Erandi Maldonado-Villalpando, Jaime Paneque-Gálvez Editorial to Re-worlding: Pluriversal Politics in the Anthropocene 2022-04-29T10:25:12+03:00 Carlos Tornel Aapo Lunden 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos Tornel, Aapo Lunden On design, development and the axes of pluriversal politics: An interview with Arturo Escobar 2022-03-23T19:23:08+02:00 Arturo Escobar Carlos Tornel Aapo Lunden <p>This interview deals with Arturo Escobar’s recent work on Pluriversal Politics and the Pluriversal transitions. The discussion is divided into three main themes: the first section addresses Escobar’s reflections on the contemporary civilizational crisis and the politics of the pluriverse; the second section engages with the contents of the Theme Issue, particularly those aspects of the transition that include radical relationality, the transition strategies, ontological and pluriversal struggles, and the notion of terricide. The final section reflects on Escobar’s work on development and its implications for the future. The conversation has been edited to fit the guidelines for publication of this journal and supported with the most recent work, both published and unpublished by Arturo Escobar.</p> 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Arturo Escobar, Carlos Tornel, Aapo Lunden Anthropocene, Capitalocene & the Flight from World History: Dialectical Universalism & the Geographies of Class Power in the Capitalist World-Ecology, 1492-2022 2022-04-13T09:32:11+03:00 Jason W. Moore 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jason W. Moore Pluriversalism and the Ecological Regime of Accumulation 2022-04-13T09:38:13+03:00 Federico Luisetti 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Federico Luisetti The Insurgent Universal: Between Eurocentric Universalism and the Pluriverse 2022-04-13T09:44:14+03:00 Japhy Wilson 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Japhy Wilson Seeking common ground: On possible dialogues between Marxisms and Political Ontology 2022-04-29T10:31:07+03:00 Carlos Tornel 2022-05-06T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos Tornel